Tetra Methyl Ammonium Chloride
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Tetramethylammonium chloride (TMAC) is a quaternary ammonium compound with the chemical formula (CH3)4NCl. It is a white or colorless crystalline solid that is soluble in water and organic solvents like ethanol and acetone. TMAC is commonly used as a phase transfer catalyst, as a surfactant, and as a precursor to other organic compounds.
In organic synthesis, TMAC is used as a phase transfer catalyst to facilitate reactions between compounds that are insoluble in each other. It is particularly useful in reactions involving alkyl halides and in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and specialty chemicals.
TMAC is also used as a surfactant in a variety of applications. It can be used as an emulsifier, a wetting agent, and a dispersant. It is often used in the production of coatings, adhesives, and sealants.
TMAC is also used as a precursor to other organic compounds. It can be used to synthesize quaternary ammonium salts, which are important intermediates in the synthesis of a variety of compounds.
TMAC is generally considered safe to handle and use, but it can be an irritant if it comes into contact with skin or eyes. Protective equipment like gloves and safety glasses should be worn when handling TMAC.
Tetramethylammonium chloride Properties:
- CAS No: 75-57-0
- EC Number: 200-880-8
- Form: crystalline
- Colour: white
- Molecular weight: 109,60 g/mo
- pH 6,0 - 8,0 at 100 g/l at 20 degree centigrade
- Appearance: White solid
- Molar Mass: 109.6 g/mol
- Product Type: Laboratory chemicals
- Formula: C4H12NCl
- pH value: 6 - 8 (100 g/l, H2O, 20 degree centigrade)
- Solubility In Water: Soluble in water and methanol. Slightly soluble in ethanol. Insoluble in ether, benzene, chloroform
- Classification: Quaternary ammonium cation
- Assay: 98%
- Melting Point: 425 degree centigrade
- Density: 1.17 g/cm3